Status and Trend of Scientific and Technical Collaboration
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China
The status and trend of scientific and technical collaboration between China and Australia are investigated based on the retrieval results from two databases, CSTPC (Chinese Scientific and Technical Papers and Citations) of ISTIC (Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China) and SCI (Science Citation Index) of ISI (Institute for Scientific Information). Data Set 1 derived from CSTPC contains 374 papers, which were published in China's core ST journals during 1991-1998 and co-authored by Chinese as the first author and Australian. Data Set 2 derived from SCI contains 165 papers, which were published in SCI source journals in 1998, and co-authored by Chinese and Australian, no matter who is the first author. Data Set 1 is used to analyze the trend of ST collaboration between China and Australia based on the change of the paper amount. It can be shown that the collaboration is enhancing. The subject distribution of ST collaboration between China and Australia are analyzed based on Data Set 1 and Data Set 2. It can be seen that the focused fields for the collaboration are geoscience, basic medicine, agriculture, biology, clinic medicine, chemistry, physics and mathematics. The changing trend of focused fields is also investigated based on Data Set 1. It can be concluded that the collaboration on geoscience between China and Australia is declining compared with other fields though the collaboration is still active. The collaboration on basic medicine and biology is pointing to an enhancing trend while the collaboration on agriculture and clinic medicine is becoming increasingly strong. Data Set 1 is also used to analyze the most productive Chinese authors and institutes in the ST collaboration with Australia and the provincial distribution of these most productive authors and institutes.