Conflicts and cooperation during the genesis of scientific innovations
by Annedore Schulze
Social conflicts and the process of communication have been examined
in groups with different jobs: e.g. teachers, politicians, managers, lawyers,
businessmen etc. However, there virtually is an obvious restraint to examine
social conflicts among scientists. This phenomenon is particularly remarkable
because especially the innovative area of research makes one expect conflict-ridden
arguments per excellence. We assume that scientific innovations have their
origin in new scientific concepts that differ from the previously prevailing
theories or methods. If they are really new, they are judged controversially.
Among other things, this shows in the fact that the scientists concerned
are in escalating conflict situations that, take place on different communication
levels: On the level of direct communication in research groups and the
level of the scientific communities.