Inter-institutional Linkages in Biotechnology
Research in India - A Structural Analysis

by MPK Nagpal

The paper analyses the pattern of linkages among 108 Indian research institutes which had been publishing prolifically in the mainstream journals in the field of biotechnology during 1990-1996, belonging to the Government R&D Sector, Academic R&D Sector and the Industrial R&D Sector. Biotechnology being a multidisciplinary field the extent of collaboration in different sub-fields of biotechnology is also studied.

The parameters like the number of papers, collaborative papers and collaborative linkages of an institute are used to construct the Inter Institutional Collaboration Index and Collaborative Extensiveness Index of each research institute, to examine the extent of national level collaboration among the various research institutes, belonging to the government, academic and industrial sectors.
The network of collaborative links of research institutes is created in order to study the structure of the linkages among the institutes--which institute collaborates with whom and to what extent? Which are the institutes that fall in the center of the network and which are institute that fall in the periphery of the network?

To study the structure of the network of linkages the number of collaborative links between the two institutes is depicted in the form of a bi-directional symmetrical matrix. The software of UCINET-IV is used to compute the Eigenvector centralities of different institutes in order to identify -- the extensively linked research institutes which occupy the central position in the network ;and also the institutes which are least linked and are at the periphery of the network. Structure of the network of linkages among the Indian research institutes shows that the network is highly central in nature as only few institutes are linked to a large number of institutes.

It is observed that unlike in most of the advanced countries the linkages among Industrial R&D Units, Academic R&D Units and Government R&D Unit is very weak in India. Extensive collaboration exists among the Government R&D Units and Academic R&D Units in the country. Most of the collaborations are bilateral in nature. Comparatively extensive collaboration is observed in subfield of medical biotechnology. An interesting observation is that the Indian research institutes collaborate more extensively with the institutes in foreign countries than with the research institutes within the countries.

Ms.M P K Nagpal
NISTADS,K S Krishnan Marg,
NEW DELHI-110012

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